Source : http://www.vanguardngr.com/2012/03/ways-of-solving-problems-in-islam/
When a Muslim encounters a problem, he must realize the fact that he needs the intervention of Allah to solve the problem and this can only be achieved through divine mercy and by involving in different virtuous deeds. Virtuous deeds elicit Allah’s mercy and reduce Allah’s anger, prevent His punishment and pave the way for solution to a problem.
The deeds include:
(i) Believe in Allah:
A Muslim in problem must not only believe but strengthen his/her believe, love and closeness to Allah. It must be noted that at no point must a Muslim lose faith in Allah because it is the foundation of other deeds in Islam.
This is applicable to all problems with exception of those suffering from severe mental disorders or total insanity. (for details, see Muhammad AL-Jibali;(2003): Sickness, Regulations & Exhortations p.61)
(ii) To attribute the Problem to Allah:
unlike the non-Muslims that usually attribute their problems to creatures of Allah, a Muslim must attribute his/her problem to Allah and not to any creature of Allah
; and must accept that whatever struck him could not have missed him, and that it was ordained before he was created. See Qur’an (57Al- Hadid: 22-23).
(iii) To have good thoughts about Allah:
- A Muslim should maintain good thoughts about his Lord, turning only to Him in worship and supplication, remembering His great generosity, and looking forward to His blessings and forgiveness. Jabir Bin Abdullah (RA) reported that the Messenger (SAW) said: “None of you should die without having good expectations in Allah (SWT).”
(iv) BETWEEN FEAR AND HOPE:
One must simultaneously show fear (Khauf) and hope (Raja’) :fearing Allah’s punishment for his sin, and hoping for Allah’s mercy. Allah says about the true believers: “They invoke their Lord with fear and hope, they spend out of what we bestowed on them.”(Q32:16). (Muhammad AL-Jibali op citp.63)
A Muslim must learn to be steadfast and very resolute with Allah during this period of adversities. He/she must realize that every supernatural healing property other than the correct Islamic way is deceptive and usually bear a grave consequence either immediate or later in life.
When struck by an affliction, a believer should exhibit patience and perseverance.
He should never rebel or express dissatisfaction with Allah’s decree. This is called – Sabr.
Furthermore, a believer should trust that Allah who will reward him for his affliction.
This is called ihtisab.
Abdullah bin Amr reported that Allah’s Messenger said: When Allah deprives one of His believing servants from a loved one, if he displays sabr and ihtisab, Allah will not approve for him a reward other than jannab. (An-Nisaai )
Sabr and ihtisab are two aspects of one obligation: full submission to Allah’s decree. They are important actions of the heart that should be displayed by believers during times of affliction.
SABR: When a person is struck by an affliction, he should display patience and acceptance of the calamity that struck him. Allah says; Patience should be manifested from the beginning, and should not be marred or damaged by the magnitude of the loss.
Anas reported that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w) passed by a woman crying next to a grave.
He told her: Have taqwa of Allah, and be patient. Not recognizing him, she responded, “Leave me alone, you have not been struck by an affliction like mine!” She was then told that he was Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w). Extremely distressed and agitated at her blunder, she hastened to him and said, “O Allah’s Messenger, I did not recognize you.”
The Messenger (s.a.w) replied; Indeed, patience should bedisplayed at the beginning of the affliction.
NOTE: None of you should die without having good expectations in Allah.
Duah (Supplication) A Muslim in distress must call Allah through the lawful means i.e that is prayer from the Quran or Sunnah in order to achieve perfect solution to his problem.
Unfortunately evidences abound that testify to the fact that a lot of Muslims today approach Allah through un-Islamic way which we shall discuss.
To call Allah at the time of problem is the practice of prophet Muhammad and other prophets as contained in the Quran and Hadith.